Political Economy Analysis of the Tunisian Water Sector

Political Economy Analysis of the Tunisian Water Sector

Political Economy Analysis of the Tunisian Water Sector

Case | Policy Advisory

Situation

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is a US Government agency that provides countries with large-scale grants to fund country-led solutions for reducing poverty through sustainable economic growth.

Tunisia, like other countries in the North Africa region, suffers from high water scarcity and impact of climate change will further exacerbate the situation. Agriculture is using around 80% of available water resources, so increasing the efficiency of water usage and improving water governance in agriculture is important to ensure long-term water and food security, and sustainability of the agricultural sector.

Therefore, MCC is currently developing a five-year compact in collaboration with the Tunisian Government, aimed at improving the general business climate and the management of water resources in agriculture in the country.

Voluntas Impact

MCC asked Voluntas Policy Advisory to conduct an in-depth institutional review and political economy analysis of the water sector in Tunisia with the aim of assessing the potential scope and viability of policy and institutional reforms.

In doing so, Voluntas Policy Advisory contributed to a better understanding of the context in which the proposed MCC-supported water program will operate and identified entry points for and possible coalitions to advance change and address key risks. Voluntas Policy Advisory was commissioned to:

  • provide an analysis of the political economy of decision-making in water-management
  • assess and provide recommendations about how MCC’s investments might support the nascent decentralization of water management
  • provide an assessment of the viability of a pricing reform of water for agriculture.

Voluntas Policy Advisory conducted an in-depth review of relevant literature, case studies, the legal and institutional framework and relevant sector strategies. The analysis was further informed through more than 20 Key Informant Interviews at national, regional and local level with representatives of the government, civil society, academia, water sector experts and relevant donors active in the sector.

Voluntas Policy Advisory will now provide additional support to MCC on specific insights identified during the initial analysis.

The foregoing information should not be construed as an express or implied endorsement of Voluntas by Millennium Challenge Corporation or the United States Government.

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Monitoring and evaluating job creation and entrepreneurship in the Maghreb region

Monitoring and evaluating job creation and entrepreneurship in the Maghreb region

Monitoring and evaluating job creation and entrepreneurship in the Maghreb region

Case | Policy Advisory

Situation

Entrepreneurship can make an important contribution to sustainable development as it is critical for job creation and can help expand opportunities for socially disadvantages groups – particularly women and youth. The Maghreb region has seen high youth unemployment for years, with unemployment rates of young people aged between 15 and 24 years ranging between 30.8% and 42% in 2019.

Hivos, an international organization that was founded in the Netherlands, has been working with co-working spaces in the Maghreb region (Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya) for several years.

In 2016, Hivos launched the “Co-Working for Sustainable Employment” program in collaboration with Mercy Corps Tunisia and other regional partners aimed to drive job creation and entrepreneurship in the Maghreb, with an emphasis on youth empowerment and particularly female entrepreneurship. It has supported a total of 33 co-working spaces and forged partnerships with different local organizations.

Specifically, the initiative aimed to contribute to the creation of 4,000 job opportunities for youth between 15 and 35 years – in particular young women and in medium-sized towns. The program was supported by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and is nested within their “Local Employment in Africa for Development“ (LEAD) program of preventing brain drain, irregular migration and radicalization by providing opportunities for young people.

Voluntas Impact

Voluntas Policy Advisory was asked by Hivos to conduct an evaluation of their “Co-Working for Sustainable Employment” program along the OECD-DAC criteria.

The evaluation aimed to assess the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, sustainability and impact of the program, and to learn from the experience for future programming.

Furthermore, based on the results of the evaluation, Voluntas Policy Advisory advised Hivos on building a robust Monitoring and Evaluation framework for an extension of the program.

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Probably not. But Bruhn NewTech can. Operating within the field of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defense, they provide software solutions to increase the number of people protected from airborne threats.

Local Conflict Sensitivity Analysis in Libya

Local Conflict Sensitivity Analysis in Libya

Situation Projects implemented in conflict-ridden and highly volatile areas have a high likelihood of both influencing and being shaped by conflict dynamics. Thus, conflict-sensitivity analyses have grown essential to minimize unintended negative effects (Do-No-Harm)...

Supporting Decentralization in Libya

Supporting Decentralization in Libya

Supporting Decentralization in Libya

Case | Policy Advisory

Libya is currently witnessing an increased escalation in fighting as General Haftar commanded of the so-called Libyan National Army is trying to take control of Tripoli from the internationally recognized Government of National Accord. Our Principal Alexander Kjaerum weighted in on the developments for Danish Radio P1 Orientering discussing the prospects and role of foreign powers and UN.

Our Principal at Voluntās Policy Advisory, Alexander Kjærum, was invited to  ‘P1 Orientering’ on Danmarks Radio to speak about the recent escalation in fighting in Libya, the role of foreign powers in Libya, UN and General Haftar. You can listen to it by clicking the image.

One option in focus by the international community is further decentralization of power, enhancing power at the municipal level to generate trust in public governance institutions. In 2012, Law no. 59 ‘Concerning the Local Administration System’ laid the foundation for decentralization determining the relationship between local and national level institutions. The implementation of this law has however not been very successful so far as there is still a lack of clarify on roles and responsibilities of different government actors, gap between the law and the actual governance system, as well as external constraints such as insecurity and limited funding.

Voluntas has been hired to carry out a political economy analysis to assess the challenges, risks, limitations, and opportunities of decentralization programming. To this end, Voluntas designed an analytical framework to investigate the dynamics of power, economic and social forces influencing development, and how prospective interventions may interact with these dynamics.

Our Head of Tunis Office, traveled to Libya and conducted +15 interviews and 3 FGDs with mayors, political leaders, civil society, expert and representatives from international organization. Furthermore more than 30 reports and publications on decentralization, Libya, and local governance were reviewed to identify trends and knowledge gaps Based on the data collected and desk-review of other material, we provided the client with a report laying out pathways for reform and programming despite the contextual challenges.

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Local Conflict Sensitivity Analysis in Libya

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Arctic Business Analysis

Arctic Business Analysis

Arctic Business Analysis

Policy Advisory | Report

Situation

In recent years, there has been an increased attention to the Arctic region and its potential to become a region with rapid economic development.

However, at present there is not a single overview of the status quo in the region, let alone future opportunities for sustainable business development, economic growth and investment possibilities.

Solution

Voluntas maps the Nordic Arctic business environment in partnership with the Confederation of Danish Industry. We develop case studies and make actionable and practical recommendations for how to promote sustainable business development in the Arctic.

Outcome

The analysis will be central to the client’s funding activities and directly contribute to an informed and fact-based policy agenda.

 

To read the analyses, please click on the reports below

Entrepreneurship and Innovation

PPPs and Business Cooperation

Bioeconomy

 

Creative and Cultural Industries

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State of the Syria crisis response: Assessing Humanitarian and Development Challenges

State of the Syria crisis response: Assessing Humanitarian and Development Challenges

State of the Syria crisis response: Assessing Humanitarian and Development Challenges

Policy | Report

Enabling human potential in displacement

 

More than 66 million around the world are displaced from their homes. Nowhere is the realization of human potential more challenged than in conflict zones and situations of displacement. Voluntās Advisory has helped the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs identify how they could expand their support to Syrian refugees living in Jordan and Lebanon.

Identifying some of the main challenges to refugees living in safety and dignity – necessary pre-condition for realizing your human potential – we ensured that Denmark would support Syrian refugees access to health care in Jordan, enhanced social protection in Lebanon, as well as capacity building of local civil society organization so they can continue to play an important role in providing support and services to refugees and vulnerable Lebanese families.

By the way, our second annual State of the Syria crisis response: Assessing Humanitarian and Development Challenges found that meaningfulness was one of the key drivers of the perception of response performance. The more the respondents feel that the work his/her organization resonates with their own personal values, the more positive the respondent views the response performance.

Third Annual Report
June 2019

Second Annual Report
April 2018

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PPP opportunities in South Africa’s water sector

PPP opportunities in South Africa’s water sector

PPP opportunities in South Africa’s water sector

Case | Policy Advisory

Situation

South Africa faces a looming water gap, already reaching an acute state in Cape Town. The water supply is only likely to decrease further with global warming with a projected water deficit of 17% by 2030.

As a result, there is a need to invest an estimated 700B rand over the next 10 years, only half of which is included in the current public budgets. There is therefore an urgent need to attract private finance to refurbish the current infrastructure, build new sources of supply and develop new mechanisms for re-use.

Solution

Voluntas partners with the Confederation of Danish Industry and the National Business Initiative, a voluntary South African business coalition founded by Nelson Mandela, to determine the potential of Public-Private Partnerships to address the water gap.

Together we take a dialogue-based, bottom-up approach to identifying PPP opportunities, building on a combination of international best practice and local input to recommend a custom-tailored approach.

Outcome

The end goal of the project is a coalition of key stakeholders in South Africa that develops high-impact PPPs in the water sector.

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Local Conflict Sensitivity Analysis in Libya

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